Phillobates bicolor

Splendid frog which by Choco-indianen are used because of the poison batrachotoxine in their skin...


Colombia : in the hillocks in the higher river basin of the Rio Atnrto and the Rio San Juan, of the Rio Raposo, of the Serrania the Baudo, of the two parts of the Cordillera Occidental and of the western slopes and a central fall slate of the Cordillera Central in Colombia . The places you can find them vary in altitude: of 25m up to 1525 m. above sea level. 
The temperatures also vary with altitude where they occur. They have been found between bushes, along streams where the air humidity is very high. The larvae are turned off in streams of 5-10 meters widely


Ph. bicolor is a strong frog, some larger than the most of the other Phillobates types: the males can be up to 39 mm large and the females however, 42 mm. Most of the Phillobates types have a dorsolaterale line on the body, but the bicolor have this line only as young animals. 
As soon as they come out of the water, there is almost no difference between Ph. vittatus and Ph. bicolor.  If they are some weeks old, the body starts to change colour and the lines disappear under the yellow or orange that spreads it self over almost the complete body. The bases of the legs remain black/green. They are frequently confused with the Phillobates terribilis, which become approximately just as large. A difference is their skin: the Terrribilis skin is more granulous; the skin of the bicolor is smooth and gleaming. The distinction between the sexes is not simple if they are young animals. Adult women are some larger, rounder and thicker than the males.


       male                                                female

First day out of the water...                             ...some weeks later...                                    ...more later.


This is calm frogs, which can be well kept in a group, if the terrarium offers sufficient space and possibilities to shelter. 50 x 50 x 50 cm is a reasonable measurement. If it concerns large breeding-group, I would choose for a wider extend. The floor can be covered with peat, mosses or leaves from oak or beech. The planting and furnishing can be just like other tropical-forest terrarium. A water part is also advisable so that the males are able to bring the larvae if necessary. 
The temperature must not too high: about 24 oC by day and at night approximately 20 oC...


            Terrarium van 50 x 50 x 40 cm   containing 2 males en 2 females.
As soon as the animals are approximately 1.5 year old, they are pubescent. The men will regularly let their whistle hear in the reproduction time: it sounds like a shrill bird like whistle. After a period of whistling the eggs are laid. For this they often use the well-known coconut-shells, but also film boxes, or leaves are places they like. Layers vary in number of 10 up to 20 eggs, which ends up between 10 and 14 days later. The larvae can be raised together in the same tank and you can feed them with fish fodder (I always use Tetramin). After approximately 7 weeks are released, the front-limbs appear. As soon as they have front-legs, they try to crawl out of the water. So don't wait too long with transferring the larva with 4 legs to a terrarium, if it escapes and probably comes in a dry place, it will surely die.
 At first the young frogs can be fed with collumbella, and fruit flies. As soon as they are some larger, they like in fact everything that fits in their mouth. Normally they are good eaters who need much fodder. Adults like also small crickets, wax moths, spiders, meadow insects, curly-flies... in fact they eat everything.
Because the film boxes for these frogs are a bit tight, I have made wider places for their layers by sawing a pvc-tube in pieces of 8 cm each. To one end I glued a bit of transparent acryl-glass, so that I can check easily the layer.